Nutrigenomics studies the functional interactions of food and its components with the genome at the molecular and cellular levels, as well as the systemic level, with the goal of using diet to prevent or treat disease. It deals with the identification and characterization of gene variants associated with the differential responses to nutrients. The goal is to generate recommendations regarding the risks and benefits of specific dietary components to the individual, i.e. personalized nutrition. This new field aims to figure out individual genetic ‘nutrition labels’.
The Food Nutrition Research Institute and the Institute of Human Genetics formed the Philippine Nutrigenomics Study Group to formulate a national platform on nutrigenomics research and development that will improve the health status of the Filipino population. Specifically, to prioritize areas for nutrigenomics research and development, to put together proposals from different disease components to formulate a national platform, to conduct the different researches through collaboration of different institutions, and to make policy recommendations based on research output.